Module svgfile: SVG file inclusion¶

With the help of the svgfile.svgfile class, you can easily embed another SVG file in your canvas, thereby scaling, aligning the content at discretion. The most simple example looks like

from pyx import *
c = canvas.canvas()
c.insert(svgfile.svgfile(0, 0, "file.svg"))
c.writeSVGfile("output")


All relevant parameters are passed to the svgfile.svgfile constructor. They are summarized in the following table:

argument name description
x $$x$$-coordinate of position.
y $$y$$-coordinate of position.
filename Name of the SVG file.
width=None Desired width of SVG graphics or None for original width.
height=None Desired height of SVG graphics or None for original height.
ratio=None For a given width or height set the other dimension with the given ratio. If None and either width or height is set, the other dimension is scaled proportionally, which is different from a ratio 1.
parsed=False Parsed mode flag, see below.
resolution=96 SVG resolution in “dpi”, see below.

In parsed mode a filled PyX canvas containing the SVG data is created. At the moment the parser handles paths with styles, transformations, canvas nesting etc. but no other SVG constructs. While some features might be added in the future, the parsed mode will probably always have limitations, like not being able to take into account CSS styling and other things. On the other hand the parsed mode has some major advantages. You can access the paths as PyX paths within the canvas and you can output the parsed SVG data to PostScript and PDF.

Even though SVG is a vector format, inserting an SVG file depends on a resolution most of the time. This resolution defines the unit scale, when no unit like pt, in, mm, or cm is used. This user unit is meant to be pixels, thus viewer programs are adviced to use the screen resolution. Tools to SVG files often use 90 dpi as in the w3.org SVG Recommendation. However, note that Adobe (R) Illustrator (R) uses 72 dpi. In browsers 96 dpi is commonly used, which is thus set as the default. However, all this might vary between plattforms and configurations.

Note that the SVG output of PyX defines the its size using units. Still, when reading such a file in un-parsed mode PyX need to make assumtions on how the final viewer will insert (i.e. scale and position) the SVG file, thus needing a resolution. Only in parsed mode it becomes resolution independent.

Unfortunately it is rather uncommon to store the size of the SVG in coordinates with units. You then need to provide the correct resolution in both modes, parsed and unparsed, to get proper alignment.